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Symptoms of glaucoma
Although glaucoma is most common in people over the age of 45, the condition can manifest itself at any age.
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Glaucoma is best detected before the symptoms manifest themselves. A mere measuring of the intraocular pressure gives a false sense of security. Not everyone diagnosed with elevated intraocular pressure develops glaucoma, because the optic nerve cells of some people can cope with raised intraocular pressure. On the other hand, not everyone with a normal intraocular pressure reading is home and dry because some people have sensitive optic nerve cells that start to die off at an intraocular pressure of < 21 mmHg. Often, the problem is compounded by poor circulation in the eye. A fundoscopy (an examination of the inside of the eye to detect any retinal abnormalities) is performed to ascertain the degree of optic nerve cupping. This can also be established by means of photographs. An increase in cupping over consecutive visits is a sign of glaucoma.
Other diagnostic methods:
- Intraocular pressure readings by means of the non-contact or contact method.
- Visual field test or perimetry to detect blind spots early, long before the patient notices them himself.
- Gonioscopy (examination of the interior chamber) to determine the form of glaucoma.
- Pachymetry (measuring the thickness of the cornea) as a means to cross-check the intraocular pressure reading.
- “Scheimpflug” analysis (examination of the (angle) of the anterior chamber)
- OCT analysis of the optic nerve and nerve fibre layers.
If glaucoma has been diagnosed, your ophthalmologist will first try to reduce the intraocular pressure with eye drops.
If eye drops don’t/no longer keep the condition at bay, laser treatment can help. Chronic glaucoma is treated by means of laser trabeculoplasty, a technique that uses laser energy to open the drainage canals of the intraocular fluid to reduce the intraocular pressure.
If laser treatment is unsuccessful, surgery is required. For chronic glaucoma, filtration surgery is carried out.
Personal advice from our experts
Our highly specialised surgeons thoroughly examine your eyes and make a detailed diagnosis. They discuss all the options with you in all objectivity.
Personalised eye care
Each eye has its own unique profile, just like your fingerprints. This is why we apply the ultra-personalised topo-guided technique.
We continuously invest in the latest, most reliable technology. We have the most comprehensive and modern technological platform for laser eye treatment and lens surgery.
A comfortable and pleasant setting
Our laser centre combines experts in their field with a warm welcome in a stylish setting so that you get to have your treatment in all peace and comfort.